• M. A. Kinzhalov, M. V. Kashina, E. A. Mozheeva, A. S. Mikherdov, D. M. Ivanov, A. S. Novikov, A. S. Smirnov, M. A. Kryukova, A. Yu. Ivanov, S. N. Smirnov, V. Yu. Kukushkin, K. V. Luzyanin, Dramatically enhanced solubility of halide-containing organometallic species in diiodomethane: the role of solvent•••complex halogen bonding Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 57 (2018), doi: 10.1002/anie.201807642

    In the current study, we evaluated the solubility of a number of organometallic species and showed that it is noticeably improved in diiodomethane when compared to other haloalkane solvents. The better solvation properties of CH2I2 were associated with the substantially better σ‐hole‐donating ability of this solvent, which results in the formation of uniquely strong solvent–(metal complex) halogen bonding. The strength of the halogen bonding is attenuated by the introduction of additional halogen atoms in the organometallic species owing to the competitive formation of more favourable intermolecular complex–complex halogen bonding. The exceptional solvation properties of diiodomethane and its inertness towards organometallic species make this solvent a good candidate for NMR studies, in particular, for the acquisition of spectra of insensitive spins.

  • Zimin D.P., Dar’in D.V., Rassadin V.A., Kukushkin V. Yu. Gold-Catalyzed Hydrohydrazidation of Terminal Alkynes Org. Lett., 20 (16), pp 4880–4884, 2018, doi: 10.1021/acs.orglett.8b02019

    Facile gold-catalyzed hydrohydrazidation of alkynes with various hydrazides R2CONHNH2 (R = Alk or Ar; including those with an additional nucleophilic moiety) in the presence of Ph3PAuNTf2 (6 mol %) leading to a wide range of substituted keto-N-acylhydrazones (18 examples) in excellent to good yields (99–66%) is reported. This novel metal-catalyzed coupling proceeds under mild conditions (chlorobenzene, 60 °C), exhibits high functional group tolerance, and is insensitive to the electronic and steric effects of the substituents in the reactants.

  • Jack C. Gee, Beth A. Fuller, Hannah-Marie Lockett, Gita Sedghi, Craig M. Robertson, Konstantin V. Luzyanin Visible light accelerated hydrosilylation of alkynesusing platinum–[acyclic diaminocarbene] photocatalysts, Chem. Comm. 2018, 54, 9450–9453, doi: 10.1039/c8cc04287j

    Abstract Platinum–[diaminocarbene] complexes work as transition-metal photocatalysts for the hydrosilylation of alkynes. A catalytic system operates under visible light irradiation (blue LED) enabling the conversion of a range of terminal and internal alkynes to respective vinyl silanes in excellent yields.

  • Alexandra V Smikhovskaia, Maxim S Panov, Ilya I Tumkin, Evgeniia M Khairullina, Sergey S Ermakov, Irina A Balova, Mikhail N Ryazantsev, Vladimir A Kochemirovsky  In situ laser-induced codeposition of copper and different metals for fabrication of microcomposite sensor-active materials, Analytica Chimica Acta, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2018.07.042

    We report one-step in situ laser-induced synthesis of the conductive copper microstructures doped with iron, zinc, nickel, and cobalt with highly developed surface area. It was observed that the presence of chlorides of the aforementioned metals in the solutions used in our experiments increases the deposition rate and the amount of copper in the resulting deposits; it also leads to the deposit miniaturization. The laser deposition from solutions containing cobalt (II) chloride of concentration more than 0.003 M results in fabrication of copper microelectrode with better electrochemical properties than those deposited from solutions containing chlorides of other metals of the same concentration...

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Репрезентативные публикации за июнь 2018 г.

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I.O. Koshevoy, V. Sivchik, Rajib Sarker, Zong-Ying Liu, Kun-You Chung, E.V. Grachova, A.J. Karttunen, and Pi-Tai Chou, Improvement of the photophysical performance of platinum cyclometalated complexes in halogen bonded adducts, Chem. Eur. J., 2018, 24, 11475–11484, doi: 10.1002/chem.201802182

Три группы люминесцирующих платиновых комплексов [Pt(C^N)(L)(Y)] были исследованы как акцепторы галогенной связи в отношении иодфторбензолов (IC6F5 и I2C6F4). Производные фосфиноцианида (L/Y = PPh3/CN) кристаллизуются совместно как с IC6F5, так и с I2C6F4. В то время как нативные комплексы являются довольно плохими люминофорами в твердом состоянии (Φ = 0,02-0,09), аддукты проявляют до 10-кратного увеличения интенсивности свечения с незначительным изменением энергии эмиссии. Наблюдаемое усиление квантовой эффективности объясняется главным образом совместным влиянием нековалентных взаимодействий, которые регулируют режим кристаллической упаковки.

Abstract

Three groups of luminescent platinum complexes [Pt(C^N)(L)(Y)] [C^N=benzothienyl‐pyridine (1), bezofuryl‐pyridine (2), phenyl‐pyridine (3); L/Y=DMSO/Cl (a), PPh3/Cl (b), PPh3/CN (c)] have been probed as halogen‐bond (XB) acceptors towards iodofluorobenzenes (IC6F5 and I2C6F4). Compounds 1 a and 2 a (L/Y=DMSO/Cl) afford the adducts 1 a⋅⋅⋅I2C6F4 and 2 a⋅⋅⋅I2C6F4, which feature I⋅⋅⋅Sbtpy/I⋅⋅⋅πbtpy and I⋅⋅⋅ODMSO/I⋅⋅⋅Cl short contacts, respectively. The phosphane‐cyanide derivatives 1 c and 2 c (L/Y=PPh3/CN) co‐crystallise with both IC6F5 and I2C6F4. None of the phpy‐based species 3 a3 c participated in XB interactions. Although the native complexes are rather poor luminophores in the solid state (Φem=0.023–0.089), the adducts exhibit an up to 10‐fold increase of the intensity with a minor alteration of the emission energy. The observed gain in the quantum efficiency is mainly attributed to the joint influence of non‐covalent interactions (halogen/hydrogen bonding, π–π stacking), which govern the crystal‐packing mode and diminish the radiationless pathways for the T1→S0 transition by providing a rigid environment around the chromophore.


Koronatov A.N., Rostovskii N.V., Khlebnikov A.F., Novikov M.S. Rh(II)-Catalyzed Ring Expansion of Pyrazoles with Diazocarbonyl Compounds as a Method for the Preparation of 1,2-Dihydropyrimidines, J. Org. Chem., 2018, doi: 10.1021/acs.joc.8b01228

В работе описана новая Rh(II)-катализируемая реакция диазокарбонильных соединений с 1,4-ди- и 1,4,5-тризамещенным пиразолами как первый пример внедрения карбеноида в простую связь N-N. Эта новая реакция представляет собой новый подход к 4-незамещенным 1,2-дигидропиримидинам, позволяющий осуществлять широкое варьирование функциональных групп в целевом гетероцикле. Согласно DFT расчетам, расширение пиразольного цикла протекает через последовательное образование связанного с металлом пиразолиевого илидая, свободного пиразолиевого илида и 1,5-диазагексатриена,претерпевающего 1,6-циклизацию на последней стадии домино процесса.

Abstract

A high yield synthesis of 1,2-dihydropyrimidines by the Rh(II)-catalyzed reaction of diazocarbonyl compounds with 1,4-di- and 1,4,5-trisubstituted pyrazoles is reported. This reaction represents the first example of a carbenoid insertion into a N–N bond and provides a novel approach to 4-unsubstituted 1,2-dihydropyrimidines with a broad range of functional group tolerance. According to DFT calculations, the pyrazole ring expansion proceeds via the sequential formation of the metal-bound pyrazolium ylide, metal-free pyrazolium ylide, and 1,5-diazahexatriene followed by 1,6-cyclization.).


Maria P. Sokolova, Michael A. Smirnov, Artemiy A. Samarov, Natalya V. Bobrova, Vitaly K. Vorobiov, Elena N. Popova, Elizaveta Filippova, Pavel Geydt, Erkki Lahderanta, Alexander M. Toikka Plasticizing of chitosan films with deep eutectic mixture of malonic acid and choline chloride, Carbohydrate Polymers, V. 197, 548–557, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2018.06.037

Получены и исследованы пленки хитозана, содержащие глубокий эвтектический растворитель (DES) на основе малоновой кислоты и хлориде холина. Содержание DES варьировалось от 0 до 82 вес%. Анализ изотерм сорбции воды, данные атомно-силовой микроскопии и результаты Фурье ИК-спектроскопии подтвердили сильное взаимодействие хитозана с компонентами ДЭС. Пластифицирующий эффект DES отражают проведенные статические объемные механические измерения, термический анализ и количественное наномеханическое картирование (QNM). Введение DES в пленки хитозана приводит к температуре стеклования в области +2 - 2.3 °C. Результаты QNM подтверждают однородность пленок, содержащих до 75 мас.% DES.

Abstract

Chitosan (CS) films containing deep eutectic solvent (DES) based on malonic acid (MA) and choline chloride (ChCl) were successfully prepared by solution casting method by using DES content ranging from 0 to 82 wt%. A strong interaction of CS with the components of DES was demonstrated by analyses of water sorption isotherms, atomic force microscopy and FTIR results. The plasticizing effect of the MA and ChCl mixture on the CS matrix was shown by static bulk mechanical measurements, thermal analysis and quantitative nanomechanical mapping (QNM). Elongation at break increased from 3 to 62% at increase of DES content from 0 to 67 wt%, while further increase of DES content led to the decreasing of maximal elongation. Introduction of DES into CS films led to the appearance of glass transition temperature in the region +2 - -2.3 °C. QNM results indicated homogeneity of the films containing up to 75 wt% of DES.

Ответственный за содержание сайта Института химии: Роман Зумберов, r.zumberov@spbu.ru