• Maxim Shevtsov, Stefan Stangl, Boris Nikolaev, Ludmila Yakovleva, Yaroslav Marchenko, Ruslana Tagaeva, Wolfgang Sievert, Emil Pitkin, Anton Mazur, Peter Tolstoy, Oleg Galibin, Vyacheslav Ryzhov, Katja Steiger, Oleg Smirnov, William Khachatryan, Kerry Chester, Gabriele Multhoff, Granzyme B Functionalized Nanoparticles Targeting Membrane Hsp70‐Positive Tumors for Multimodal Cancer Theranostics, Small, V. 15, P. 1900205, 2019. DOI: 10.1002/smll.201900205.

    Functionalized superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have emerged as potential clinical tools for cancer theranostics. Membrane‐bound 70 kDa heat shock protein (mHsp70) is ubiquitously expressed on the cell membrane of various tumor types but not normal cells and therefore provides a tumor‐specific target. The serine protease granzyme B (GrB) that is produced as an effector molecule by activated T and NK cells has been shown to specifically target mHsp70 on tumor cells. Following binding to Hsp70, GrB is rapidly internalized into tumor cells. Herein, it is demonstrated that GrB functionalized SPIONs act as a contrast enhancement agent for magnetic resonance imaging and induce specific tumor cell apoptosis. Combinatorial regimens employing stereotactic radiotherapy and/or magnetic targeting are found to further enhance the therapeutic efficacy of GrB‐SPIONs in different tumor mouse models.

  • Muhammad Abdullah Butt, Antonino Calà Lesina, Martin Neugebauer, Thomas Bauer, Lora Ramunno, Alessandro Vaccari, Pierre Berini, Yuriy Petrov, Denis Danilov, Alina Manshina, Peter Banzer, Gerd Leuchs, Investigating the Optical Properties of a Laser Induced 3D Self‐Assembled Carbon–Metal Hybrid Structure, Small, 2019, V.15, 1900512. DOI: 10.1002/smll.201900512.

    Carbon‐based and carbon–metal hybrid materials hold great potential for applications in optics and electronics. Here, a novel material made of carbon and gold–silver nanoparticles is discussed, fabricated using a laser‐induced self‐assembly process. This self‐assembled metamaterial manifests itself in the form of cuboids with lateral dimensions on the order of several micrometers and a height of tens to hundreds of nanometers. The carbon atoms are arranged following an orthorhombic unit cell, with alloy nanoparticles intercalated in the crystalline carbon matrix. The optical properties of this metamaterial are analyzed experimentally using a microscopic Müller matrix measurement approach and reveal a high linear birefringence across the visible spectral range. Theoretical modeling based on local‐field theory applied to the carbon matrix links the birefringence to the orthorhombic unit cell, while finite‐difference time‐domain simulations of the metamaterial relates the observed optical response to the distribution of the alloy nanoparticles and the optical density of the carbon matrix.

  • T.V.Plisko, A.V.Penkova, K.S.Burts, A.V.Bildyukevich, M.E.Dmitrenko, G.B.Melnikova, R.R.Atta, A.S.Mazur, A.A.Zolotarev, A.B.Missyul, Effect of Pluronic F127 on porous and dense membrane structure formation via non-solvent induced and evaporation induced phase separation, Journal of Membrane Science, V. 580, Pages 336-349. DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2019.03.028.

    Novel porous and dense membranes based on polysulfone (PSF) modified by poly(ethylene glycol)–b–poly(propylene glycol)–b– poly(ethylene glycol) (Pluronic F127) were developed. The influence of Pluronic F127 introduction to the casting solution on different types of polymer membrane formation via two different phase inversion techniques—non-solvent induced phase separation (NIPS) for porous membranes and evaporation induced phase separation (EIPS) for dense membranes—was investigated. According to the triangular phase diagram obtained, PSF-Pluronic F127-N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) systems feature lower critical solution temperature and have a tendency to micelle formation due to Pluronic F127 self-assembly...

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Репрезентативные публикации за июнь 2018 г.

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I.O. Koshevoy, V. Sivchik, Rajib Sarker, Zong-Ying Liu, Kun-You Chung, E.V. Grachova, A.J. Karttunen, and Pi-Tai Chou, Improvement of the photophysical performance of platinum cyclometalated complexes in halogen bonded adducts, Chem. Eur. J., 2018, 24, 11475–11484, doi: 10.1002/chem.201802182

Три группы люминесцирующих платиновых комплексов [Pt(C^N)(L)(Y)] были исследованы как акцепторы галогенной связи в отношении иодфторбензолов (IC6F5 и I2C6F4). Производные фосфиноцианида (L/Y = PPh3/CN) кристаллизуются совместно как с IC6F5, так и с I2C6F4. В то время как нативные комплексы являются довольно плохими люминофорами в твердом состоянии (Φ = 0,02-0,09), аддукты проявляют до 10-кратного увеличения интенсивности свечения с незначительным изменением энергии эмиссии. Наблюдаемое усиление квантовой эффективности объясняется главным образом совместным влиянием нековалентных взаимодействий, которые регулируют режим кристаллической упаковки.

Abstract

Three groups of luminescent platinum complexes [Pt(C^N)(L)(Y)] [C^N=benzothienyl‐pyridine (1), bezofuryl‐pyridine (2), phenyl‐pyridine (3); L/Y=DMSO/Cl (a), PPh3/Cl (b), PPh3/CN (c)] have been probed as halogen‐bond (XB) acceptors towards iodofluorobenzenes (IC6F5 and I2C6F4). Compounds 1 a and 2 a (L/Y=DMSO/Cl) afford the adducts 1 a⋅⋅⋅I2C6F4 and 2 a⋅⋅⋅I2C6F4, which feature I⋅⋅⋅Sbtpy/I⋅⋅⋅πbtpy and I⋅⋅⋅ODMSO/I⋅⋅⋅Cl short contacts, respectively. The phosphane‐cyanide derivatives 1 c and 2 c (L/Y=PPh3/CN) co‐crystallise with both IC6F5 and I2C6F4. None of the phpy‐based species 3 a3 c participated in XB interactions. Although the native complexes are rather poor luminophores in the solid state (Φem=0.023–0.089), the adducts exhibit an up to 10‐fold increase of the intensity with a minor alteration of the emission energy. The observed gain in the quantum efficiency is mainly attributed to the joint influence of non‐covalent interactions (halogen/hydrogen bonding, π–π stacking), which govern the crystal‐packing mode and diminish the radiationless pathways for the T1→S0 transition by providing a rigid environment around the chromophore.


Koronatov A.N., Rostovskii N.V., Khlebnikov A.F., Novikov M.S. Rh(II)-Catalyzed Ring Expansion of Pyrazoles with Diazocarbonyl Compounds as a Method for the Preparation of 1,2-Dihydropyrimidines, J. Org. Chem., 2018, doi: 10.1021/acs.joc.8b01228

В работе описана новая Rh(II)-катализируемая реакция диазокарбонильных соединений с 1,4-ди- и 1,4,5-тризамещенным пиразолами как первый пример внедрения карбеноида в простую связь N-N. Эта новая реакция представляет собой новый подход к 4-незамещенным 1,2-дигидропиримидинам, позволяющий осуществлять широкое варьирование функциональных групп в целевом гетероцикле. Согласно DFT расчетам, расширение пиразольного цикла протекает через последовательное образование связанного с металлом пиразолиевого илидая, свободного пиразолиевого илида и 1,5-диазагексатриена,претерпевающего 1,6-циклизацию на последней стадии домино процесса.

Abstract

A high yield synthesis of 1,2-dihydropyrimidines by the Rh(II)-catalyzed reaction of diazocarbonyl compounds with 1,4-di- and 1,4,5-trisubstituted pyrazoles is reported. This reaction represents the first example of a carbenoid insertion into a N–N bond and provides a novel approach to 4-unsubstituted 1,2-dihydropyrimidines with a broad range of functional group tolerance. According to DFT calculations, the pyrazole ring expansion proceeds via the sequential formation of the metal-bound pyrazolium ylide, metal-free pyrazolium ylide, and 1,5-diazahexatriene followed by 1,6-cyclization.).


Maria P. Sokolova, Michael A. Smirnov, Artemiy A. Samarov, Natalya V. Bobrova, Vitaly K. Vorobiov, Elena N. Popova, Elizaveta Filippova, Pavel Geydt, Erkki Lahderanta, Alexander M. Toikka Plasticizing of chitosan films with deep eutectic mixture of malonic acid and choline chloride, Carbohydrate Polymers, V. 197, 548–557, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2018.06.037

Получены и исследованы пленки хитозана, содержащие глубокий эвтектический растворитель (DES) на основе малоновой кислоты и хлориде холина. Содержание DES варьировалось от 0 до 82 вес%. Анализ изотерм сорбции воды, данные атомно-силовой микроскопии и результаты Фурье ИК-спектроскопии подтвердили сильное взаимодействие хитозана с компонентами ДЭС. Пластифицирующий эффект DES отражают проведенные статические объемные механические измерения, термический анализ и количественное наномеханическое картирование (QNM). Введение DES в пленки хитозана приводит к температуре стеклования в области +2 - 2.3 °C. Результаты QNM подтверждают однородность пленок, содержащих до 75 мас.% DES.

Abstract

Chitosan (CS) films containing deep eutectic solvent (DES) based on malonic acid (MA) and choline chloride (ChCl) were successfully prepared by solution casting method by using DES content ranging from 0 to 82 wt%. A strong interaction of CS with the components of DES was demonstrated by analyses of water sorption isotherms, atomic force microscopy and FTIR results. The plasticizing effect of the MA and ChCl mixture on the CS matrix was shown by static bulk mechanical measurements, thermal analysis and quantitative nanomechanical mapping (QNM). Elongation at break increased from 3 to 62% at increase of DES content from 0 to 67 wt%, while further increase of DES content led to the decreasing of maximal elongation. Introduction of DES into CS films led to the appearance of glass transition temperature in the region +2 - -2.3 °C. QNM results indicated homogeneity of the films containing up to 75 wt% of DES.

Ответственный за содержание сайта Института химии: Роман Зумберов, r.zumberov@spbu.ru